refractory ore gold and pretreatment

Research status of carbonaceous matter in carbonaceous gold

Key words: carbonaceous gold ores; carbonaceous matter; pretreatment; bio-oxidization; research status 1 Introduction The gold ores mainly are categorized into two types: non-refractory and refractory. With the increasing exhaustion of non-refractory gold ores, refractory gold ores have become main materials of the gold industry,

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pretreatment of refractory gold ore with microwaves

Microbial Pretreatment of Refractory Gold Ore. Part of refractory gold ores of gold particles with fine gold or submicroscopic gold a parcel or disseminated exist in sulfide ore and the sulfide is usually pyrite arsenopyrite pyrrhotite even in some mineral deposits most of the gold can enter the crystal lattice of pyrite arsenopyrite in the state of super micro gold Even if the ore

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Biological pretreatment of carbonaceous matter in double

The pretreatment of carbonaceous material in double refractory gold ores (DRGO) is necessary to decrease preg-rob of gold and maximize gold recovery. DRGO contains of carbonaceous matter and gold grains encapsulated in sulfide minerals, which typically results in very poor gold recovery.

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Extraction of Gold from a Low-Grade Double Refractory Gold

The treatment process of a low-grade refractory gold ore containing sulfide minerals and carbonaceous matters was studied in this work. The gold extraction of this ore by all-s cyanidation was only 11.75%. Hence, a pretreatment was necessary. In this paper, a flotation-preoxidation-cyanide leaching process was developed.

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Effect of Pretreatment of Sulfide Refractory Concentrate

For extraction of gold from refractory ores or concen- trate, in which gold is surrounded or covered by iron sul- fide minerals, mainly arsenopyrite and pyrite, mineral oxidative pretreatment is essential to oxidize sulfides and to expose gold to the leaching solution. Pyrometallurgi- cal oxidation by roasting is under environmental restric-

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Deportment Of Gold In Refractory Gold Ores By Diagnostic

The term of refractory gold ore stands for the gold particles that are not amenable to recovery by conventional cyanidation process by the low extraction (less than 80%) even after fine grinding. Thus, refractoriness could be occured within or by various gang minerals, for example gold in sulfide-type minerals or carbonaceous matter.

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Process for Recovering Gold - McGill University

Refractory gold ore pretreatment operations continue to attract attention as surface oxide ores are near depletion and deep seated sulphide deposits are increasingly encountered. Refractory ores are difficult to process as are copper-gold feedstocks hence recovery from these types of gold-

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Mineralogy and Pretreatment of a Refractory Gold

Mineralogy and Pretreatment of a Refractory Gold - MDPI; Mineralogy and Pretreatment of a Refractory Gold - MDPI. Jul 1, 2019 — and oxide minerals [1,6,7]. is generally associated with The selective arsenopyrite from pyrite can be realized by adding a Contact Us Get a Quote

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GOLD RECOVERY OF REFRACTORY SULFIDE CONCENTRATES USING DIRECT

recovery from the refractory sulfide gold ores. An oxidative pretreatment of the ore is essential to oxidize the sulfides and expose gold. The conventional methods of extraction of refractory sulfide gold ores usually follow roasting-leaching and electrowinning steps. Roasting is one oxidative pretreatment

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pretreatment of refractory ores prior to gold leaching

Improved gold and silver extraction from a refractory To improve the their poor response to cyanide leach- extraction of gold and silver from The refractoriness of gold ores arises refractory ores, pretreatment of the ing for the extraction of Ag.12,13 Celep principally from their inherent miner- ore using a suitable method prior to et al.14,15 reported that pretreatment alogical properties.

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PDF) Bacterial leaching as a pre-treatment step for gold

Bio-leaching is a cost effective, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly way to treat refractory gold concentrates and ores. Compared to roasting, bio-leaching can generally reduce capital costs by 12–20%, operating costs by 10% in some cases, and construction time by 25%. Gold recoveries increased by 2–13% as a result of bio-leaching.

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PDF Microbial Pre-treatment of Double Refractory Gold Ores

The result of the novel microbial pre-treatment process indicated that sulfide sulfur was degraded under alkaline conditions and carbonaceous matter passivated by T. versicolor at its optimum growth conditions. This led to a significant improvement in gold extraction from the double refractory gold ore and concentrate investigated.

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Pretreatment with Ozone for Gold and Silver Recovery from

2007). Pretreatment with Ozone for Gold and Silver Recovery from Refractory Ores. Ozone: Science & Engineering: Vol. 29, No. 2, pp. 101-105.

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Atmospheric alkaline pre-oxidation of refractory sulphide

Four iron-sulphide-containing gold ores from the White Mountain mine in the Jilin Province, China were studied to examine the benefits of using oxidative treatment prior to conventional cyanidation to leach gold. This pre-treatment consisted of bubbling air into an ore/water mixture for eight hours while adding enough caustic sodium hydroxide to maintain a pH of 11 throughout the test. Three

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GOLD RECOVERY OF REFRACTORY SULFIDE

recovery from the refractory sulfide gold ores. An oxidative pretreatment of the ore is essential to oxidize the sulfides and expose gold. The conventional methods of extraction of refractory sulfide gold ores usually follow roasting-leaching and electrowinning steps. Roasting is one oxidative pretreatment

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PDF) Nitric Acid Leaching for Pre-Treatment of a Copper

The nitric acid pre-treatment experiments for refractory silver ore and gold/silver concentrate were performed for 2.5 hours at 5M HNO 3 and 80 o C. Before and after

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Implementation of sodium hydroxide pretreatment for

Furthermore, recent studies demonstrated that sodium/potassium hydroxide pre-treatment is a viable technique for the processing of refractory antimonial gold/silver ores containing minerals such as

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ALTA Gold 2012 E-Doc - Albion Process

Refractory gold ores are those that do not yield high gold recoveries in conventional cyanide- leaching circuits, even when the ore is finely ground. The cause of low gold recoveries can be either through the presence of naturally occurring ‘preg rob ’ carbonaceous materials or gold physically ‘locked’ in sulphide minerals.

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Ozone: Science & Engineering Pretreatment with Ozone for

ozone is proposed as oxidative pretreatment for gold and silver refractory ores with the aim of modifying the pyritic matrix and thus exposing the precious metals to cyanide. MATERIAL AND METHODS The ores used in this work were the flotation tailings of two industrial operations of base metal sulfides in Mexico.

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refractory ore gold and pretreatment 2012 in laos

Refractory Ore Gold And Pretreatment 2012 Gold mineral processing Hatch Ltd Refractory gold ore pretreatment Treatment of refractory gold ore whole ore and flotation concentrates has become more prominent since the 1980s with many gold discoveries often including ores that are wholly or partially refractoryAs a leading global manufacturer of crushing equipment, milling equipment,dressing

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gold refractory,ore classification,preprocessing methods

Classification of refractory ores. 1. Carbonaceous gold ore. There is organic carbon which can do ‘ Rob gold ’ in gold and silver ore, and it causes that gold is adsorbed in the cyanide solution, make ore difficult to cyanide and leach. Generally, we use roasting and chlorination pretreatment to destroy all or part carbon.

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recovery of gold from refractory ores zimbabwe

acidic pretreatment of gold refractory ore . acidic pretreatment of gold refractory ore processing Our Purpose And Belief L&M Heavy Industry is committed to provide the global customers with the first-class products and superior service, striving to maximize and optimize the interests and values of the customers, and build bright future with

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Pretreatment Process on Refractory Gold Ores with As

The process of crushing or decomposition before gold leaching is called pretreatment of refractory gold. Statistics show that, in the world, about 2/3 gold resource belongs to the difficult processing ores, and about 1/3 total output of world gold is produced from refractory gold. This proportion will further increase in future.

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ECONOMICS OF REFRACTORY GOLD ORE PROCESSES

Refractory gold ore pretreatment processes continue to receive much attention. This paper compares the relative economics of treating ores by oxygen pressure oxidation, roasting and bacterial oxidation with or without preconcentration by froth flotation. Capital and operating cost estimates for each method of pretreatment were prepared and

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Alkaline sulfide pretreatment of an antimonial refractory

This paper presents the alkaline sulfide pretreatment of an antimonial refractory gold and silver ore. In the ore, gold occurs mainly as gold-silver alloys and as associated with quartz and framboidal pyrite grains, and, to a small extent, as the inclusions within antimonial sulfides.

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Alkaline leaching pretreatment and cyanidation of

Carlin-type refractory gold deposits are complex bodies which only occur in certain regions such as the western United States, southwest China, and northwest Iran. It is important to investigate the most suitable treatment option for each deposit from the point of the mineralogical composition. The present study investigates the effect of atmospheric NaOH alkaline pretreatment on the cyanidation gold

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